What is 5G?
Once every few years, a new generation of the mobile network is introduced, which basically only promises faster mobile data on smartphones. What is the difference between the fifth generation – 5G for short – and its predecessors 2G, 3G and 4G? Put simply: this time it’s no longer just about the telecommunications sector. Autonomous driving, smart homes and smart cities or medical operations from a distance: 5G makes them truly tangible, because this time a new, universal standard promises real technology convergence in a previously unattainable form and bandwidth.
The successor to the 4G standard LTE is expected to provide a data rate of up to 10 Gbit/s and promises a latency of less than one millisecond. Many mobile device users will be happy to hear – the fifth generation will reduce power consumption by up to 90 percent.
What is 5G Broadcast?
What does 5G actually mean for broadcast? The convergence of broadcasting and broadband networks will enable content to be transmitted to domestic television sets as well as mobile devices in a uniform standard in the future. Although this is still a dream of the future until around 2025, the auctioning of 5G mobile radio frequencies in the coming year will already mark the start of the expansion of a completely new communications infrastructure in Germany.
The technical term is “5G Broadcast” and refers to a large area transmission network with which broadcasting content can be transmitted terrestrially similar to DVB-T2. A preliminary stage of 5G broadcast is the ATSC 3.0 broadcast transmission system. With help of the so-called Next Gen TV, the 2018 Olympic Games in South Korea were already transmitted via 5G networks and the USA is also carrying out tests with the new technology.
The only thing you’ll need to receive 5G radio is a 5G-enabled device with an unlocked broadcast function. What is currently still in the development stage could be a mobile phone, an on-board television in the car, or a stationary television in the future. For example, mobile users will be able to view program content on their smartphones without having to fear that their data volume will be used up within a very short time. The content simply reaches the end device via the HPHT broadcasting network, without the respective mobile phone provider being directly involved.
In addition to the technological aspects, specific economic interests also play a role in the development of the broadcasting standard of the future. However, in order to avoid a personalisation of television from the very beginning, the project partners have insisted on anonymous use.
In theory, the combination of personalized and location-based content could enable forms of advertising such as targeted advertising outside the classical World Wide Web. 5G Broadcast can also accommodate the increasingly individualized user behavior: The asynchronous distribution of program content in the mobile user area is only made possible by a data highway such as 5G with full feedback channel capability. Ultimately there is no need to worry in the standard version: Anonymous broadcasting will not be compromised.